The Lima bean is Peruvian.
The tomato, taken to Europe by the Spaniards, is Peruvian.
The potato: More than 5.000 varieties of potatoes originated in Peru, some of which were taken to Europe by the Spaniards around 1560 and by the English around 1580.
Quinua, a high-protein grain with more than 25 varieties, is Peruvian.
The Paso horse—it has a very funky gate, whereby it throws its feet out to the side, rather than in front.
Alpaca (a type of llama) are Peruvian.
The finest cotton in the world is Peruvian: Pima and Tanguis.
Peru has some of the best waves to surf in the world. (Seen somewhat in the photo of Lima, above).
Peru has 468 different dishes, which according to The Guinness Book of World Records is the largest variety in the world.
The weeping willow tree, which contains a component that is the base for aspirin, is Peruvian.
The University of San Marcos (in Lima), established in 1551, is the oldest University in the Americas.
In Peru there are more than 50 mountains over 6,000 m.a.s.l. (19,685 >ft.)
84 of the 103 ecosystems that exist in the world are in Peru.
4 of the ten cereals that exist in the world are native to Peru. The quinoa, maize, cañihua, and kiwicha. The latter has been considered by NASA as an important element in an astronauts diet.
ANTAMINA, the largest mine in the world, is located in Peru's central highlands.
Lake Titicaca, shared by Peru and Bolivia, is the highest navigable lake in the world.
The official government gazette, El Peruano, is the oldest daily in South America. It was founded in 1825 by Simón Bolívar.
28 different types of climates develop in Perú, placing it among the 5 most biologically diversified countries in the world.
In the Oriental Andes region one can find more than 2,800 varieties of orchids, of which 2,000 have been classified to date.
The Peruvian ocean offers 700 different varieties of fish and 400 varieties of shellfish.
It’s the oldest habitat for humans in the western hemisphere; i.e., the oldest mummies and archaeological finds are Peruvian. The oldest mummy in the Americas is called “Señor of Sipán.” It is only comparable to that of Tutankamon in Egypt.
The Nazca lines located app. 460 km south of Lima.
And without any doubt "MACHU PICCHU."